When you brush your teeth, do you see blood in the sink? This may seem normal, especially if it is a small amount, but it is actually a sign of trouble. If you are brushing and flossing correctly, healthy gums should not bleed. It is advisable to see your dentist for a periodontal evaluation.

Causes of bleeding gums

Several factors can cause your gums to bleed easily, including:

  • Periodontal disease (most likely cause)
  • Sores on the gum tissue
  • Poorly fitting dentures
  • Blood thinning medications
  • Vitamin deficiencies
  • Aggressive brushing, especially with a hard-bristled toothbrush
  • Medical problems such as bleeding disorders, diabetes, scurvy, leukemia, or heart disease

By far, the most common cause of bleeding gums is periodontal (gum) disease. Although it is typically painless, especially in the earliest stages, it is a serious risk to your oral and overall health. Periodontal disease is an infection of the gum tissue around the teeth. Chronic inflammation and irritation of the tissue makes it fragile, and easily injured. Although the symptoms seem quite mild, periodontal disease involves chronic inflammation and a concentration of harmful bacteria. It can lead to bone loss in the jaw, tooth loss, and an increased risk for many health problems including coronary disease.

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Dr. Dietrich will perform an examination to determine the cause before recommending a solution. Depending on the cause, treatment may be as simple as using a gentler technique when you brush or adding supplemental vitamins to your diet. However, if your gums bleed, chances are you have periodontal disease. You may need to see a specialist if the disease is in the advances stages, but it can usually be treated with professional deep cleaning and dedicated oral hygiene

Don’t take chances with your dental health. If your gums bleed easily, or you have any other signs of oral disease, visit Dr. Dietrich for an evaluation. Just call (708) 576-1900 and schedule an appointment at Pleasant Dental® today. Our office is conveniently located on Sibley Boulevard in Dolton, IL, proudly serving communities throughout Chicagoland.

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